The United States administration has finally withdrawn support from the Paris agreement on climate change. The move from the US took almost three years. The US is the first country to make such a decision on the deal.
The former President Donald Trump declared the exit in June 2017. United Nations rules make the legal effect of the exit after the Presidential Election Day in the US.
There will be an opportunity for the United States to agree in the future. The decision depends on the President.
The Paris agreement on climate change took place in 2015. The motive behind the deal was to fight the threats to the environment.
The objective of the agreement is to control the world’s temperature from going up. The parameters of the same must be within below 2C over pre-industrial levels. The world should not be over temperature 1.5C.
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The decision from USA took a long to get effect
Three complexities made the deal down to this delay. It is now for the new President to cope up with the regulations. Now the decision depends on him if he decides to exit from it or not.
Earlier the agreement failed to take place due to the political scenario
The Bill Clinton government could not get senate support in 1997 for agreeing to the Kyoto Protocol.
President Barack Obama’s diplomats put the talks on the Paris agreement on climate change to even a different administration in the leadership would face delay to exit the deal.
The countries agreed to the deal in December 2015. Actual enforcement came later on November 4, 2016. This happened after a minimum of 55 countries of Global carbon emissions formally gave their nod to the deal.
There was an obligation that any country could exit the deal after three years from signing the pact.
Any member country would have to submit a notice period of 12 months to the United Nations.
The Trump administration gave the notice in June 2019. He even announced his exit in 2017. Now the country is no longer part of the deal.
Consequences of exit from the Paris Climate Change Agreement
The United States is the most sound country economically, but it emits 15% greenhouse gas.
There are now many questions that the US is the only country not to recognize global devastation.
US diplomats have had many discussions with the United Nations for the last three years. They only promoted fossil fuels, even these platforms.
The Obama government’s climate change negotiator Andrew Light said that the United States did not live up to the reputation by officially getting out of the deal.
He added that this was not the first time the US failed to sign a climate change pact. Earlier Kyoto Protocol was also not successful. It poses an issue to think about for the country.
The world’s view on the withdrawal of the US from the agreement
The decision to exit from the agreement was just a matter of time. Though there are a lot of people who feel strongly about climate change is a disappointment. They think their country must lead to this global welfare cause.
Helen Mountford, who is from the World Resources Institute, said that the withdrawal from the US is just not right and never was. The US should have stood with 189 countries in this Paris agreement.
Exit from the Paris climate change agreement triggers old hurt for climate negotiators
The Alliance of Small Island States’ head negotiator from the United Nations discussion, Carlos Fuller, said that the US putting out their support from the Paris agreement will hurt the initiative.
The hard work of putting every country on the same page on this global welfare pact did not pay off. The initiative sees failure.
Many people see the exit as the failure of Obama’s government. He initiated the Paris agreement ratification without the nod of the Congress and the Senate support. He did it with an executive order. Yvo de Boer said that the decision was not democratic.
He said then that this is the result of his mistake ultimately.
The US can re-enter into the agreement
President Joe Biden promised to consider the opportunity to re-agreeing. He said it while he was campaigning for the Presidential election. Now that he is President, it is to see if he does that or not.
The US has to give one month’s notice to re-enter into the Paris climate change agreement. However, there will be effects for the withdrawal, even if the US goes back to the pact.
Andrew Light said that the European Union and the UK, and the United Nations are arranging an event on December 12. It is the fifth anniversary of the Paris agreement discussion. They will seek more aspirations for the movement. The United States won’t be attending the event according to the regulations of the agreement.
Everyone is not disappointed due to the withdrawal
The former President, Donald Trump, promoted energy production by using coal and oil most. He made it clear in the 2016 campaign that he wanted to build the US an energy superpower. It was not his prerogative to consider climate change.
He said that the agreement was not fair to the US. China and India have no such obligation to restrain fossil fuels, but the US would have to sacrifice fossil fuel usage. It would have affected the country’s energy production.
Katie Tubb of the Heritage Foundation said that she was not sure about the agreement’s capabilities.
The lesser use of fossil fuel will affect the industrial sectors. Temperature control is essential, but it is not the only way to achieve it.
The goal to reach a sound economy is crucial irrespective of the fact that the temperature is going up. The Paris climate change agreement is at all doing any constructive work towards making a balance.
Backlash for the withdrawal
Many industrial organizations decided to reduce carbon in 2017. They wanted to compensate the President’s stand by standing with Paris’s cause.
Michael Bloomberg, the ex-mayor of New York, and Jerry Brown, the ex-governor, pledged to cut down greenhouse gas emissions.
Their motive will be to cut down the countries’ greenhouse gas emissions by 19% until 2025. However, it is not even near as the US agreed in the Paris deal.
Michael Bloomberg said that their people of the country know that achieving growth in the economy and an excellent climactic atmosphere both equally important.
Although the office has taken a stand, which is not suitable for the country or the people’s health, the climate is improving with their efforts.
Shareholders of the industrial sectors are also pressurizing the companies to take the climate change issue seriously.
BNP Paribas Asset Management filed a proposal and collected a majority with a 53% vote. They ensured that in Chevron that climate improvement should also be the goal of the old giants.
What will be the stand for other countries on the Paris Climate Change Agreement?
Peter Betts, the former EU and UK climate negotiator now working at Chatham House, said that no countries would follow the US decision on the Paris climate change agreement. There was no such intention from other countries in part four years, and neither he sees such a thing in the future.
There were notions that many countries would restrain their support, which could delay the movement’s pace. Scientists are continually saying that they need to accelerate the speed, though.
Saudi Arab, Russia, and Kuwait also apprehensive about the agreement now. According to the Alliance of Small Island States’ head negotiator, these countries are now saying that there is no need to hurry as the US is not in agreement now. He thinks those countries are trying for a more cooperative agreement keeping the US withdrawal in front.
Many people are also assuming that other countries will come together with more unity after the United States exits.
Laurence Tubiana, chief executive of the European Climate Foundation, said European nations’ carbon neutrality agreements from China, South Korea, and Japan reduce fossil usage. Laurence Tubiana plays an essential part in making the Paris climate change agreement. She added that it is natural to have hurdles to decrease the usually of coal, gas, and oil. She thinks all the countries should invest in innovative technologies, which can be alternatives to these resources of energies.