An integral part of any scientific work is its bibliographic apparatus – bibliographic references, as well as book and article lists. Their task is to acquaint the reader with the sources of quotations and borrowings; help to find the documents mentioned in the text; inform about publications on similar topics; to help in the choice of the literature on a research subject; to give the author the opportunity to summarize the statement, referring to the works in which the issues covered by him are considered more fully, in more detail or from another point of view.
Issues of unification of bibliographic references, compilation book, and article list of literature are among the most acute, relevant, and complex. The effectiveness of the bibliographic information contained in scientific publications largely depends on their correct solution.
Writing an annotated bibliography will help you find useful materials for your research project, so here are some annotated bibliography tips.
Part 1: Quoting
- This applies to those parts of materials from books, magazines, etc. that you will use in your work. These quotes should be written in the list of materials that you used. You can always use the help of a bibliography writing service for that. Reliable services that create annotated college papers are the once that can save your work from a failure. This is done so that your statements are confirmed by the authoritative sources, and those links usually refer to:
– Science books
– Scientific articles
– Internet sites
– Pictures or videos.
- How to write a great annotated bibliography? When you make a reference to a book, scientific work, or journal, then use the appropriate style. This should be either standard style for such work or the style indicated by your teacher. If your teacher does not have special requirements, then refer to the standard styles: MLA – provides guidance for the humanities or APA – for the social sciences. Other equally popular styles are:
– Chicago or Turabian Style for the publisher
– The IEEE citation style (includes citations in the text, numbered in square brackets, that refer to the full citation indicated in the bibliography at the end of the article)
– Council of scientific editors, for exact sciences.
- Another important point in how to write a good annotated bibliography: links must be made in the proper order. Here we are talking about the structure. With the use of link structuring, you will help the reader to navigate in your work more easily and if the reader has any questions it will help him look for sources. Here it is also important to clarify with the teacher whether there is any method that he prefers:
– By subtopic
– By format (articles, books, media, websites, etc.)
– By language.
Part 2: Annotations
- Comment on each used source. An abstract is a brief overview of the content of a book or an article often with a critical assessment of it. It consists of:
– Description of bibliographic features of the book (author, title, etc.)
– Short translation of the material
– Instructions to whom this book is addressed.
The abstract is usually placed on the back of the title page and serves to pre-acquaint the reader with the contents of the book. Sometimes the annotation contains elements of the work’s evaluation and brief information about the author. Remember, that you can always use the help of an annotated bibliography writing service for this part of your work.
- When you start writing an annotated bibliography, take the author’s personality and origin as a basis. Here it is worth mentioning the organizations in which he participated, his published works, and reviews. An authoritative author is usually the one who is often quoted by other authors and scientists.
- The abstract should include all the interests and preferences of the author in order to better understand him.
- List all the main topics and arguments so that the reader immediately understands what is at the stake in your work.
- Explain why you used these materials in your work.
- The difficulty level of the source you are referring to should correspond to the target audience of your research. From the annotation, the reader must understand either your source is academic or understandable even to a non-professional.
- As a bibliography writer, be mindful of the features of the work you are quoting. Mention whether the original source contains a bibliography, dictionary, or index. This can be done simply by writing “contains a bibliography.” Remember to also note any special research tools, such as test devices, etc.
Part 3: Advice
- Try to use those sources that were published by the university press in your work, because they are often scientific.
- Typically, the MLA style requires a double spacing between quotes, but for the accuracy of the design of the work, ask your teacher about his preferences.
For the correct design of the study, you should pay attention to directory reviews or Digest books. This is an easy way to find critical reviews of the books you are quoting. Here you can also find the names of other works that may be useful to you. Compare different reviews to make sure that the source you are quoting is not inconsistent, or whether the information has expired.