Full-stack developers are technology experts responsible for developing full-fledged applications. With the increased use of technology, everyone, including businesses, looks forward to an attractive website with a user-friendly interface. However, creating an effective and user-friendly website is not easy and requires specific skills to develop the client side and server side of a website. Full-stack developers possess the frontend and backend skills necessary for full-stack web development.
Full-stack web development is building or developing both the front and back end of any website or web application. All the web features visible to the site viewers or clients appear in the front end. The back end has the software, data processing, and other elements and activities that make a website work effectively and efficiently.
But what are specific full-stack developer required skills? Below are the top skills necessary to become a full-stack developer.
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Full-Stack Developer Skills
Full-stack developers’ skill sets are categorized into frontend development and backend development. The following are the core skills required.
HTML and CSS
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a critical skill for full-stack developers that enables them to build an effective user interface. HTML helps full-stack developers create visually appealing, user-friendly, and responsive interfaces. The language is responsible for hyperlinks, font, and graphic effects on web pages. On the other hand, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a frontend web development language used to design and style a website.
Both frontend and backend full-stack developers will need a strong understanding of both HTML and CSS to ensure their code is accessible, responsive, and compatible with different browsers and devices. Also, understanding HTML and CSS makes it easier for full-stack developers to troubleshoot problems and find solutions.
Database Management Systems
One of the responsibilities of a full-stack developer is to write codes used to perform relational mapping that help fetch data from the database. Popular databases include MySQL, MongoDB, SQL SERVER, Oracle, and PostgreSQL. A good understanding of these database systems is critical.
Version control systems help full-stack developers to keep track of any changes made in the codebase. Version control tools like Git and Github allow full-stack developers to manage their development needs. These tools are reliable as they offer speed and efficiency when developing applications and software.
Web hosting platforms
Full stack developers should be familiar with web hosting platforms like Amazon web services, Heroku, Google cloud platform, and Microsoft Azure.
Full-stack developers must understand how to build and design APIs tools like REST, GraphQL, and SOAP. SOAP enables applications created in different programming languages on different platforms to communicate hitch-free.
In full-stack development, developers should have experience with automated testing frameworks like Mocha or Jest.
Knowledge of server-side technologies like Apache, Nginx, and Express.js is necessary to help in server administration.
Besides possessing technical skills, full-stack developers should also possess soft skills that go hand-in-hand with technical skills. Some of the must-have soft skills for full-stack developers include:
- Attention to detail
- Creative vision
- Strategic planning
- Time management skills
- Excellent analytical skills
The above-mentioned full stack developer required skills are necessary for the full stack development responsibilities, including designing backend applications, developing frontend system tools, API development, and achieving all technical and consumer requirements.